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R1

Use principally as a fuel or other means to generate energy
D1

Deposit into or onto land, e.g. landfill
R2

Solvent reclamation/regeneration Recycling/reclamation of organic substances which are not used as solvents
D2

Land treatment, e.g. biodegradation of liquid or sludgy discards in soils
R3

including composting and other biological transformation processes
D3

Deep injection, e.g. injection of pumpable discards into wells, salt domes or naturally occurring repositoriesid or sludgy discards in soils
R4

Recycling/reclamation of metals and metal compounds
D4

Surface impoundment, e.g. placement of liquid or sludgy discards into pits, ponds or lagoons
R5

Recycling/reclamation of other inorganic materials
D5

Specially engineered landfill, e.g. placement into lined discrete cells which are capped and isolated from one another and the environment
R6

Regeneration of acids or bases
D6

Release into a water body, except seas/oceans
R7

Recovery of components used for pollution abatement
D7

Release into seas/oceans, including sea-bed insertion
R8

Recovery of components from catalysts
D8

Biological treatment resulting in final compounds or mixtures which are discarded by any of the operations numbered D1 to D12
R9

Oil re-refining or other reuses of oil
D9

Physico-chemical treatment resulting in final compounds or mixtures which are discarded by any of the operations numbered D1 to D12, e.g. evaporation, drying, calcination
R10

Land treatment resulting in benefit to agriculture or ecological improvement
D10

Incineration on land
R11

Use of wastes obtained from any of the operations numbered R1 to R10
D11

Incineration at sea
R12

Exchange of wastes for submission to any of the operations numbered R1 to R11 (*not considered recovery to a final product)
D12

Permanent storage, e.g. emplacement of containers in a mine
R13

Storage of wastes pending any of the operations numbered R1 to R12 (excluding temporary storage, pending collection, on the site where it is produced) (*not considered recovery to a final product)
D13

Blending or mixing prior to submission to any of the operations numbered D1 to D12
D14

Repackaging prior to submission to any of the operations numbered D1 to D13
D15

Storage pending any of the operations numbered D1 to D14 (excluding temporary storage, pending collection, on the site where it is produced)

DISPOSAL OPERATIONS

R ECOVERY OPERATIONS

The following lists gives you an idea of the different types of R- treatments and D-treatments

TREATMENT PROCESS

* download the complete list of "European waste codes"

TREATMENT METHOD

TREATMENT PROCESS

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